Kythira Town or Chora is on the southern side of the island and it is the capital. It is a small city with whitewashed houses, picturesque alleys, arches, churches and a Venetian castle built in 1503 on top of the hill. Within the castle are preserved ruins of Venetians buildings and 21 Byzantine and post-Byzantine churches with really nice iconostasis and frescoes. Beautiful houses encircle the medieval site offering a breathtaking view of the picturesque Kapsali and Filoti bays. The traditional layout of Kythira consists of elegant Venetian mansions and old buildings lining its narrow streets. Whitewashed houses and old castle buildings built under the British rule and during the Venetian period co-exist and create a striking image that attracts many visitors.